• INTERRELATING STATE AND RELIGIOUS LAWS Department of State Islamic University of K. H. Abdurrahman
  • MUHAMMAD SHULTHONI Department of State Islamic University of K. H. Abdurrahman


state law, religious law, halal tourism, Indonesia.


Objective: This research aims to describe the interrelating state and religious laws on halal tourism in Indonesia.

Methods: This research is a type of qualitative research in the form of a systematic literature review, this research is descriptive. The main data of this research are all regulations regarding halal tourism in Indonesia which originate from state and religious law. Structured library research data analysis techniques have been used in this research.

Results: The findings of this research conclude that the state laws which are used as the legal basis for halal tourism in Indonesia are Law Number 33 of 2014 concerning Guarantees of Halal Products and Law Number 10 of 2009 concerning Tourism. The findings of this library research show that the two-state laws do not directly regulate the technical implementation of halal tourism and do not even find articles related to halal tourism.

Conclusion: The study concludes that the two state laws only play a role as a complementary legal basis for halal tourism in Indonesia. Even so, the two laws remain a source of reference for regulations for ministries and regional governments in developing halal tourism. The Minister of Tourism and Creative Economy 2014 issued Ministerial Regulation Number 2 of 2014 concerning Guidelines for Implementing Sharia Hotel Businesses. Several local governments have issued regulations on the implementation of halal tourism through governor regulations, such as the Provinces of West Nusa Tenggara, West Sumatra, Aceh, and Riau. Comprehensive regulations related to halal tourism can be found in the religious law issued by the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) as a representation of the relationship between Muslim scholars and governments who respect and complement each other. This religious law has been reflected in the DSN-MUI Fatwa Number 08/DSNMUI/X/2016 concerning Guidelines for Organizing Tourism Based on Sharia Principles. All rules and regulations regarding halal tourism originating from state law and religious law relating to halal tourism are interrelated and mutually supportive. The difference only lies in the side of the legal force, state law has binding legal force, and religious law is the opposite.

Biografia do Autor